Trafalgar Square

Trafalgar Square is one of the most iconic places to visit in London.

It is a public square in the City of Westminster, Central London, built around the area formerly known as Charing Cross. Its name commemorates the Battle of Trafalgar, a British naval victory in the Napoleonic Wars.

Nelson's Column is in the centre of the square flanked by fountains designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens between and guarded by four monumental bronze lions sculpted by Sir Edwin Landseer. At the top of the column is a statue of Horatio Nelson who commanded the British Navy at the Battle of Trafalgar.

  • A great spot for people watching, there are often community celebrations or political demonstrations held here.
  • For art lovers, the National Gallery and the National Portrait Gallery are situated on and around Trafalgar Square - where you can see masterpieces by Leonardo da Vinci, Titian, Rubens, and more. 
  • A Christmas tree has been donated to the square by Norway since 1947 and is erected for twelve days before and after Christmas Day. This tradition was started by Norway to thank Britain for their help in World War II.
  • Trafalgar Square is a centre of annual celebrations on New Year's Eve. Since 2014, New Year celebrations have been organised by the Greater London Authority who began ticketing the event to control crowd numbers.
  • It was well known for its pigeons until their removal in the early 21st century.
  • Trafalgar Square is a three minute walk from Charing Cross station.

Surrounding the square are the National Gallery on the north side and St Martin-in-the-Fields Church to the east. To the south west is The Mall leading towards Buckingham Palace via Admiralty Arch, while Whitehall is to the south and the Strand to the east. Charing Cross Road passes between the National Gallery and the church.



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